Participating at a workshop on Supply and Demand of Coal and Power Plant Technology Evolution held at Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL) Tiruchi, he said that global energy use grows by 36 per cent with non-OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) led by China, where demand surges by 75 per cent accounting for almost all of the increase.
On emerging technologies in power generation, Topper said, work is being undertaken in India, EU, Japan, USA, and China to develop ultra supercritical boilers and advanced ultra supercritical boilers system to increase the efficiency of generation and reduce CO2 emissions. In India, an ambitious date has been set for operation of an 800 MW demonstration plant, he said.
On Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) technology, Topper said IGCC plants are already in operation all over the world and about five of them have overcome their initial technical problems and established the plant reliability and availability on par with other established power generation technologies.
Speaking on the importance of carbon capture and storage, he said, rising global energy demands the need to drastically cut CO2 emissions which require a transformation in the way energy are produced, delivered and consumed. This change in the approach will spur a large-scale transformation of the energy sector and could reduce worldwide energy-related emissions of CO2 by half in 2050, using a combination of existing and new technologies.
BHEL executive director A V Krishnan in his address said at BHEL Research and Development programmes are aligned with state-of-the-art technological developments taking place worldwide in order to accelerate the pace of research programmes.
BHEL general manager (Engineering) R Kumar said BHEL has contracted over 960 boilers capable of generating over 1,36,073 MW of energy which forms the backbone of Indian Industry. BHEL Tiruchi has also exported 21 numbers of steam generators, he added.
BHEL Tiruchi has obtained Sponsor Member Status of the International Energy Agency -Coal Research Centre (IEA-CCC), an international organisation supported by over 16 member countries and the European Community to promote innovation and sustainable development of coal as a clean source of energy. Through this, BHEL Tiruchi has gained access to a wealth of information on coal research.