Chennai: India dropped one spot to 131 among 189 countries in the 2020 human development index, according to a report released by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
Human Development Index is the measure of a nation’s health, education, and standards of living.
Life expectancy of Indians at birth in 2019 was 69.7 years while Bangladesh has a life expectancy of 72.6 years and Pakistan 67.3 years, the 2020 Human Development Report said.
India, Bhutan (129), Bangladesh (133), Nepal (142), and Pakistan (154) were ranked among countries with medium human development, the report said.
India’s HDI value for 2019 is 0.645 which put it in the medium human development category. India has been positioned at 131 out of 189 countries and territories, according to the report. India had ranked 130 in 2018 in the index.
Norway topped the index, followed by Ireland, Switzerland, Hong Kong and Iceland, the report showed.
Talking to reporters, UNDP Resident Representative Shoko Noda said the drop in India’s ranking doesn’t mean ‘India didn’t do well but other countries did better’.
Noda said India can help other countries too and lauded its commitment to reduce carbon emissions.
According to the report published by the United Nations Development Programme on Tuesday, India’s gross national income per capita fell to Rs 6,681 in 2019 from Rs 6,829 in 2018 on purchasing power parity (PPP) basis.
The report said evidence from Colombia to India indicates that financial security and ownership of land improve women’s security and reduce the risk of gender-based violence, clearly indicating that owning land can empower women.
It further said indigenous children in Cambodia, India and Thailand show more malnutrition-related issues such as stunting and wasting.
“In India different responses in parent behaviour as well as some disinvestment in girls’ health and education have led to higher malnutrition among girls than among boys as a consequence of shocks likely linked to climate change,” the report said.